EUR 2.5 million in EU funds for University of Hamburg’s astrophysicist

ERC Advanced Grant for Prof. Dr. Stephan Rosswog’s research into neutron stars using supercomputers

The astrophysicist, Prof. Dr. Stephan Rosswog, at the University of Hamburg has obtained an advanced five-year grant of EUR 2.6 million from the European Research Council (ERC). Rosswog will put the funds towards further research into a project entitled “Inspiration: From inspiral to kilonova”, which focuses on orbiting and colliding neutron stars and uses supercomputers supplemented by theoretical predictions.

Neutron stars twice as heavy as sun

Neutron stars are compact, highly condensed remnants of so-called supernova explosions in space. They can reach the size of a city and twice the weight of the sun, according to the Max Planck Society. “Neutron stars are characterized by extreme matter densities that are about five times as high as an atomic nucleus. So they are virtually gigantic atomic nuclei with a radius of several kilometers,” said Rosswog, who is a professor of Theoretical Astrophysics of Compact Objects at Hamburg’s Observatory. They generate so-called gravitational waves, ie, oscillations of space-time by orbiting around each other. At the same time, collisions cause parts of the matter to detach which is then thrown into space and generates electromagnetic radiation of different frequency ranges. Both are to be integrated in a single model for the first time using supercomputersaccording to Rosswoig.